Supreme Council for Environment, Kingdom of Bahrain
Mashtan Island Reserve

Mashtan Island and its surrounding area were declared a nature reserve as per Cabinet Resolution No (1) of 2002 which was preceded by the Ministerial Edict No (1) of 2001. It is located east of Bahrain Island and north of Hawar Island, and covers an area of about 2.5 km2.

In spite of its small size, the Mashtan Island and the areas surrounding it are important for the biodiversity in the Kingdom of Bahrain, as there are many important marine plants in it of which seven different kinds have been identified. The island also homes many marine creatures that have direct economic returns. There are also wild salt-tolerant plants that are considered part of the innate heritage vegetable in kingdom. The island is home to some birds, such as the Socotra cormorant.