Sustainable Development Goals
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are based on the successes that have been achieved through 2015 Millennium Development Goals, and also on identifying deficiencies in order to address them through the concept of goals integration. SDGs focuses on moving forward to eradicate poverty in all its forms. The new set of goals are unique, serving as a call for action by all countries of various income levels to take the necessary procedures to reinforce prosperity while protecting the planet.
Beginning of 2016, the 17 SDGs of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force. Over the next fifteen years, with these new Goals that universally apply to all, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.
Though SDGs are not legally binding, nevertheless, governments are expected to take ownership and develop a national framework to achieve these goals. Therefore, countries have to take the main responsibility of following up and reviewing the SDGs progress, which will require quality-oriented, accessible and timely data collection for regional follow-up and review. The latter relies on analysis conducted on nationally, which will contribute to the process of following up and review on a global level. The 17 SDGs and its 169 targets will be monitored using total of 241 global indicators that have been approved by UN Statistical Commission. In 2015, 193 countries adopted the following 17 goals:
1. No poverty
2. Zero Hunger
3. Good health and well-being
4. Quality education
5. Gender equality
6. Clean water and sanitation
7. Affordable and clean energy
8. Decent work and economic growth
9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure
10. Reduced inequalities
11. Sustainable cities and communities
12. Responsible production and consumption
13. Climate action
14. Life below water
15. Life on land
16. Peace, justice and strong institutions
17. Partnerships for goals
Although the 17 goals are comprehensive in their content and indicators to achieve the required balance for a sustainable development, the particularly seven goals below are directly associated with the environmental issues:
Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
Voluntary national report on Sustainable Development Goals
The Environmental Policies and Planning Directorate at the Supreme Council for Environment along with the concerned stakeholders in the Kingdom, and in cooperation with the Information and eGovernment Authority, under the umbrella of the National Information Committee are working together to prepare the first national voluntary report of SDGs, to be submitted in July 2018. The report will assess and evaluate the deficiencies in achieving these goals, and will propose specific mechanisms to overcome any shortcomes in accordance with national circumstances of the Kingdom. Environmental Policies and Planning Directorate is leading the team for the environmental goals chapter preparation.
This report aims at compiling, collecting and analyzing national data from various sources related to SDGs’ indicators, and to presents in an integrated report that reflects achievements, success stories as well as challenges and actions taken.