1. Ionizing Radiation:
Nuclear and Radiation Technologies have various application in medicine, industry, agriculture, management of water and mineral resources, scientific research and power generation. And as for any other technology, the misuse or abuse of these technologies, whether deliberate or advertent due to lack of qualification or training, would lead to negative results on human health and environment.
To protect the users of those technologies and the general public from receiving unjustified radiation exposures or radiation doses exceeding the dose limits recommended by the relevant international bodies, and particularly by the International Atomic Energy Agency, and to protect the environment from contamination with radioactive material, the Supreme Council for Environment regulates, in cooperation and coordination with other national regulatory authorities, all peaceful uses of radiation and nuclear technologies in the Kingdom of Bahrain through:
Licensing installations conducting practices involving using radiation and nuclear technologies, radioactive materials and radiation sources an radiation emitting devices, including the provision of supportive services as calibration, dosimetry and training in radiation protection, and setting terms of reference for conducting these practices and monitoring their compliance to these terms of reference through periodic and unannounced inspections.
Issuing authorizations for import, export, using and change of ownership of radioactive material and radiation sources and radiation emitting devices.
Conducting an environmental radiation monitoring program that includes natural background dose rate measurements and measurements of radionuclide concentrations in the different elements of the environment aiming at drawing a radiological map of the Kingdom of Bahrain and monitoring any future changes in the background levels.
Providing technical support to the emergency response agencies in cases of radiological and nuclear emergencies, and participating in the response activities when required.
Operation and Maintenance of the national network of environmental radiation monitoring and early warning network and monitoring any changes in their readings, in cooperation and coordination with the relevant national organizations.
2. Non-Ionizing Radiation
The Supreme Council for Environment is one of the relevant national bodies in the licensing of public radio telecommunication stations, and is the national body that monitors the compliance of the operators with the emissions of non-ionizing radiation from these stations with the limits given in the Ministerial Order (4):2009 and the recommendations of the International Commission for the Protection from Non-Ionizing Radiation (ICNIRP).