Management of Radioactive Materials
In the Kingdom of Bahrain, radioactive materials and radiation-emitting devices are used in various fields, such as industry, medicine, security and scientific research. Their use may lead to exposure to radiation which affects human health and the environment.
Out of its awareness of the danger of these materials and the need for the effective control, the Supreme Council for the Environment’s Radiation Control Unit issues the necessary licenses for companies, institutions and clinics that want to deal with such materials and import them. It also coordinates with the relevant authorities to regulate the import, handling and re-export to the country of origin.
Licensing Procedures for facilities dealing with radioactive materials and/or radiation-emitting devices:
- The Commercial Registration Directorate at the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism refers the license requests relating to handling / importing radioactive materials to the Licensing Unit at the SCE, which forwards it to the Radiation Control unit at the Environmental Assessment and Control Directorate.
- The inspector visits the applying facility and asks it to fill in an application form for a license to deal with ionizing radiation sources and radiation-emitting devices. (Download File)
- The demand is studied in terms of the type and quantity of radioactive materials, the radiation-emitting devices to be used, the method and places of use, and the methods of transport and storage, as well as the appropriateness of the personnel, technically and healthily. It also requests the provision of modern medical tests for workers in radioactive materials or devices that emit radiation.
- When all the requirements are met, and the workers’ efficiency is ensured, a license for the facility carrying the name of the applicant (Dealing License), is issued. The facility then has the right to import or re-export radioactive materials or radiation-emitting devices provided that it follows the import or re-export procedures.
Licensing Procedures for importing radioactive materials and/or radiation-emitting devices:
- Facilities with a license to deal with radioactive materials or radiation-emitting devices and want to import those materials should submit an official letter including a request to get a license to import radioactive materials or radiation-emitting devices along with the relevant form:
- A request to import X-ray generators or a permission to release them. Click here to download the file.
- A request to import an ionizing radiation source or a permission to release it. Click here to download the file.
- The application and forms are studied technically, in terms of the type and quantity of radioactive material or radiation-emitting devices. If all the requirements are met, and the import is approved, the applying facility is granted a license named: (Import License).
- The Radiation Control Unit at the SCE’s Environmental Assessment and Control Directorate coordinates with the Customs Department at the Interior Ministry, whereby all shipments containing radioactive material are retained in a special store in the customs office, where the environment inspector examines them before allowing their entry into the Kingdom of Bahrain. This move aims to make sure they conform to the specifications and the permitted level, as well as to ensure the y are shipped and transported properly.
- For half-life radioactive isotopes, the importer is requested re-export its waste to the country of origin as the disposal of these materials and their waste are not allowed in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
- The SCE’s Environmental Assessment and Control Directorate makes periodic visits to inspect the places of storage and the use of radioactive materials and to take the necessary measurements to ensure their proper use by the personnel and the public.
Licensing Procedures for re-export of radioactive materials and / or radiation-emitting devices licensing procedures:
- A facility with a license to import radioactive materials or radiation-emitting devices and want to re-export those materials to the country of origin should submit an official letter including a request to re-export radioactive materials or radiation-emitting devices along with the required form. Click here to download the file.
- If a (Wipe Test) is needed, it must be mentioned while submitted while delivering the application.
- The application and forms are studied technically, and if all the requirements are met, the applying facility is granted a license named: (Re-export License).